September 27, 2021 #ChileDiverse #Science and Knowledge.

A unique ecosystem for the development of science and knowledge

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The diversity of the nature that surrounds us, together with local talent and the development of infrastructure, facilitate a unique ecosystem to create the future and address the challenges of this century. Chile has 61 universities, 48 technical training centers, and its conditions make it stand out in areas such as astronomy, forests and the study of marine biodiversity.

In Chile we are convinced that the promotion of science and knowledge is key to achieve sustainable development. Currently our country has great human capital and state-of-the-art infrastructure, with which we generate knowledge and seek to contribute from this corner of the world.

Our strengths in research and development, coupled with academic excellence, have made us an attractive destination for students, professors, specialists and scientists from all over the world.

Chile has 61 universities, 48 technical training centers and 43 professional institutes, and every year around 20,000 foreigners study in Chilean universities. We also have 67 centers of excellence, state-funded organizations whose objective is to train scientists and promote research associated with innovation.

According to the Academic Ranking of World Universities 2020, four Chilean universities are among the best worldwide (Universidad de Chile, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Universidad de Concepción and Universidad Andrés Bello). In addition, our country is the second in Latin America that publishes the most research articles in journals of excellence.

In addition to local talent and infrastructure development, the richness and diversity of the nature that surrounds us, which together provide a unique ecosystem to create the future and address the challenges of this century. For this reason, Chile stands out in the study of marine diversity, forests and astronomy.

Northern Chile, with more than 300 clear days a year and little light pollution, has exceptional conditions for observing the cosmos and studying the universe. Our country is home to more than 90 observatories such as the European Southern Observatory (ESO) and the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA), the latter being the main radio observatory on the planet. From these observatories, constant discoveries are made and information is collected that allows us to get a little closer to discovering the mysteries of the universe. Thus, discoveries have been made such as the first image of an extrasolar planet, the first supernova visible to the naked eye in more than 400 years, the first photograph of a supermassive black hole, the nearest super-Earth. At the same time, several Chilean astronomers have stood out internationally, such as José Maza, Mario Hamuy, and María Teresa Ruiz, all three have received the national prize for exact sciences, but in addition, the astronomer was awarded in 2017 with the L'Oreal- Unesco prize for Women in science.

Chile, from the Atacama Desert in the north to Antarctica in the south, has unique characteristics for observing the effects of climate change on the planet. Therefore, with the aim of gathering valuable information that will contribute to making decisions based on scientific evidence, our country has decided to set up a Climate Change Observatory, the only one of its kind. The project contemplates the installation of sensors throughout the territory, which will collect key environmental data to address the climate emergency and which will be openly available. In this way, we can proudly say that an important part of the future of a sustainable world is being built in Chile.

On the other hand, Chile seeks to be at the forefront in space, by announcing the implementation of the National Satellite System, a project that considers launching 10 Chilean satellites into space, and that will also allow access to 250 international devices. The aerospace company SpaceX, founded by Elon Musk, will be in charge of putting the constellation of 10 new satellites into orbit by 2025.

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