Here, where some would say the Earth ends —more south than the South!— for us, it is where our diverse and marvelous home begins. Here we have learned that being the longest country in the world means 4,329 kilometers of land, sky and ocean to enjoy and care for with all our might.
Our extraordinary geography is framed from East to West between the vast Pacific Ocean, the Coastal mountain range and the magnificent Andes mountains. Then from North to South, our land begins in the Atacama Desert, passing through fertile valleys and large cities in the central zone, to rushing rivers, countless lakes, snow-capped volcanoes, thousand-year-old glaciers, rainy landscapes, and all shades of green known to man.
Although seemingly impossible, Chile has 23 of the 27 different climate types in the world. This diversity and natural richness allow us to develop economic activities in mining, renewable energies, astronomy and agriculture and livestock.
Chile is truly a land of the brave. With a population of 18 million, we have learned to pick ourselves up in the face of adversity, both in times of natural disaster and in the struggle for causes that bring us together. This strength we have inherited from our native people, like the Aymara, the Atacameños, the Rapa Nui and the Mapuche. The large majority of our population is concentrated in the central zone, in the capital city of Santiago, which you have most likely heard of, and the next two largest cities, Valparaiso and Concepcion.
We welcome foreigners who want to come visit and those who decide to stay in our beautiful country. We have become one of the top migration destinations in Latin America, with immigration increasing by 67.6% between 2017 and 2018. Today, 6.6% of our population comes from other countries from around the world.
As you travel Chile from North to South, you can see how each region continues to preserve their roots and the customs of their native people, making for a heritage rich in tradition and a diversity of lifestyles, architecture, gastronomy, literature, music, dancing and festivities. And there is so much to be inspired by! History, legends, landscapes... All responsible for cultivating the talents of our two Nobel Prize winners in Literature, Gabriela Mistral and Pablo Neruda, who exported the name of Chile throughout the world. Experience the joy of the La Tirana Festival, the Santiago a Mil street theater performances, the multiple wine harvest festivals in the central valley, the Frutillar Music Week, the mingas in the island of Chiloe, and many more.
With the immensity of the Andes and over 4 thousand kilometers of coastline, we would appear to be isolated, but Chile is actually more connected than ever to the rest of the world, with a free-market economy that makes it an attractive destination for those looking for business opportunities down south. We have signed 29 trade agreements with 65 economies, and these treaties have given us access to 88% of the global GDP and 67% of the world’s population, positioning us as the main business platform in the Southern Cone. Among our production areas, the vast solar radiation zone in the Atacama Desert and the richness of our minerals are worthy of attention. And our best resource is the talent of our people: with over 200,000 highly specialized workers and innovative entrepreneurs.
Thirty years after the return to democracy, Chile is known for its presidential regime and the stability and strength of its institutions. The government is divided into three branches: the Executive branch led by the President of the Republic; the Legislative branch refers to the National Congress, physically located in Valparaiso and composed of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies; and the Judicial Branch, which oversees civil and criminal cases.
Did you know that Chile has the highest solar radiation in the world, strong winds from north to south for developing wind energy, tremendous marine energy potential off our coasts, excellent biogas development capacity and a geothermal resource that runs the length of the Andes?
Chile is used to ringing in the New Year with lots of culture and fun. That’s because January and February is summer vacation time, and Chile’s cities are getting ready to launch their local festivals. Learn more about some of the most popular events here.